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Inter-Allied Reparation Report 1946-49 Various

Inter-Allied Reparation Report 1946-49

Various

Published March 1st 2007
ISBN : 9781406715910
Paperback
384 pages
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 About the Book 

Nations, and for which the German people cannot escape responsibility ... From the Potsdam Declaration PRINTED FOR THE INTER-ALLIED REPARATION AGENCY 1947 THE Inter-Allied Reparation Agency was established by the Paris Agreement signed on I4thMoreNations, and for which the German people cannot escape responsibility ... From the Potsdam Declaration PRINTED FOR THE INTER-ALLIED REPARATION AGENCY 1947 THE Inter-Allied Reparation Agency was established by the Paris Agreement signed on I4th January, 1946. Its function is to ensure an equitable distribution, in accordance with the provisions of the Paris Agreement, of the total assets which are, or may be declared avail able as reparation from. Germany, amoong the 18 mem ber nations entitled to reparation to compensate for the loss and suffering caused by Germany. The chief forms of reparation envisaged by the Paris Agreement are Industrial Capital Equipment German External Assets Merchant Shipping Inland Water Transport Captured Enemy Supplies Current Production. The Inter-Allied Reparation Agency consists of an Assembly comprising a representative of each of the 1 8 Signatory Governments, and an international Secre tariat. The 1 8 Signatory Governments axe as follows. Albania Union of South Africa Australia Belgium Canada Denmark Egypt United States France United Kingdom Greece India Luxemburg Norway New Zealand The Netherlands Czechoslovakia Yugoslavia IV INTRODUCTION After the First World War, the Allies failed to carry through an effective programme of reparations from Germany. That must not happen again. Vigorous co-operation between the Occupying Powers in Germany and the Inter-Allied Reparation Agency can assure that it will not happen again. The large purposes which underlie the reparation programme, as laid down at Potsdam, remain valid. The Occupying Powers have expressed their determination to make sure that Germany remains disarmed and that the German people dischargetheir responsibilities for war damage and suffering. But for the nations entitled to reparation from Germany, there is another con sideration the effect of German reparation on their own economic reconstruc tion and progress. Many of the Allied nations, especially those physically damaged by the war, are in urgent need of industrial capital equipment. Largely because of the limited supplies of such items on the world markets, partly because of economic difficulties, these countries are unable to obtain the machines they want through normal channels of trade. At this time, their chief hope for getting such machines is through German reparation. Germany is neither entitled to use, nor economically in a position to use much of the industrial plant built under the Nazi regime. This equipment can be put to productive peace-time use if it is promptly transferred to countries that need it and can use it. The member nations of I. A. R. A. know that reparations can never represent more than a small part of their reconstruction needs. They are all relying primarily on the efforts of their own peoples for post-war recovery. But industrial reparations immediately available can significantly aid their recovery. Nations entitled to substantial amounts of German industrial capital equip murt as reparation cannot adequately plan their national reconstruction until they have at least an approximate idea as to how much equipment they are likely to receive from Germany, and when. They cannot afford to delay essential industrial projects for years in the hope of some day receiving German equipment. They must act now to increase production and raise the living standards of their people. I. A. R. A. cannotdelay its work. The German reparation programme wiU contribute to the early stabilization of the world economy only if it is executed rapidly. The signatories of the Potsdam Agreement wisely laid - down the principle of speedy execution of the reparation programme. The pace of reparation in the ensuing period has not met their anticipations. It is for this reason that I have emphasised in the pages which follow the importance of accelerating the rate of release of industrial reparations to I. A. R. A. by the Occupying Powers in Germany. r E. P...